体育彩票11选5

酿酒设备做酒之前是如何发酵的?

发布于:2021-04-02 15:51:09  来源:

其实新工艺发酵的基本原理和传统发酵的原理基本上是一致的,都是把粮食中的淀粉转化成酒的过程。
In fact, the basic principle of new technology fermentation is basically the same as that of traditional fermentation, which is the process of converting starch in grain into wine.
淀粉(+淀粉分解酶)→葡萄糖(+酒酵母)→酒→(微量元素 酸、醛、脂、醇等)(糖化过程)→(陶藏)→(酯化过程)
Starch (+ amylase) → glucose (+ Saccharomyces cerevisiae) → wine → (trace elements acid, aldehyde, lipid, alcohol, etc.) (saccharification process) → (pottery Collection) → (esterification process)
一、传统发酵的基本原理
1、 The basic principle of traditional fermentation
高粱、大米、玉米、薯类、野生植物等富含淀粉的原料在白酒生产中一般都要进行高温蒸(煮),使植物细胞组织和细胞彻底破裂,原料所含的淀粉颗粒由吸水膨胀,发生糊化,目的是使其受淀粉酶的作用,将淀粉水解过程中的杂菌感染。淀粉质原料在蒸煮过程中由于白酒产品的不同,其产生方式也有差异。其中大曲清香型的汾酒采用粮食单独蒸煮;大曲浓香型的五粮液、全兴大曲酒采取粮食与酒醅混蒸;小曲清香的四川小曲酒则采用粮食单独泡粮、蒸粮。
Starch, raw materials such as sorghum, rice, corn, potato and wild plants are usually steamed in high temperature (Baijiu), which makes the plant cells and cells completely broken. Starch granules from raw materials are expanded by water and gelatinized, so that they are affected by the enzymes of amylase and the bacteria in the process of starch hydrolysis. There are differences in the way of producing starch materials in the process of cooking due to the different Baijiu products. Among them, Fen Liquor of Daqu flavor type is steamed by grain alone; Wuliangye Liquor of Daqu flavor type and Quanxing Daqu liquor are steamed by grain and fermented grains; Sichuan Xiaoqu liquor of Xiaoqu flavor type is steamed by grain alone.
二、新工艺酿酒的基本原理
2、 The basic principle of new brewing technology
了解了传统熟料固态发酵过程,对掌握生料发酵有极大帮助,因为无论是传统的熟料固态发酵,还是现代的生料液态发酵,其基本原理是完全一致的。其区别在于传统酒曲糖化能力不强,所以必须先蒸煮原料使其糊化,便于酶起作用。而生料酒曲适用糖化能力相对较强的酶及其分解酶直接作用淀粉颗粒的外膜,使淀粉分解,生成糊精,再转化成麦芽糖,更终得到可发酵性葡萄糖。
Understanding the traditional clinker solid-state fermentation process is very helpful to master the raw meal fermentation, because the basic principles of both the traditional clinker solid-state fermentation and the modern raw meal liquid-state fermentation are completely the same. The difference is that the saccharification ability of traditional distiller's yeast is not strong, so the raw materials must be cooked first to make it gelatinized, so that the enzyme can work. However, uncooked distiller's yeast is suitable for enzymes with relatively strong saccharification ability and their decomposing enzymes to directly act on the outer membrane of starch granules to decompose starch to form dextrin, which is then transformed into maltose to obtain fermentable glucose.
淀粉除了转化成酒外,还转化成其他物质,其糖化过程中分解产物的组成及特性如下
Starch is not only transformed into wine, but also into other substances. The composition and characteristics of the decomposition products in the process of saccharification are as follows
淀粉:是由许多葡萄糖为基本单位连接起来的,可分为直链淀粉和支链淀粉两大类。直链淀粉是由大量葡萄糖分子以α1、4健脱水缩合,组成不分支点的链状结构,支链淀粉则呈分支的链状结构,其在分支的两个葡萄糖残基以α1,6健结合。凡糯性的高粱、大米、玉米等淀粉几乎是支链淀粉;粮谷,大约有80%是支链淀粉,20%直链淀粉。
Starch: is connected by many glucose as the basic unit, can be divided into amylose and amylopectin two categories. Amylose is composed of a large number of glucose molecules which are dehydrated and condensed with α 1,4-bonds to form a chain structure without branching points. Amylopectin is a branched chain structure, and its two glucose residues in the branches are bound with α 1,6-bonds. All waxy starch such as sorghum, rice and corn is almost amylopectin; about 80% of grains are amylopectin and 20% amylose.
直链淀粉:相对分子质量为几万至几十万,易溶于温水,溶液粘度不大,容易老化,酶解较完全,遇碘液呈蓝色。
Amylose: relative molecular weight of tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands, easy to dissolve in warm water, solution viscosity is not big, easy to aging, enzymatic hydrolysis is complete, meet iodine solution is blue.
低聚糖:有3~10个葡萄糖残基单位。凡直链淀粉分解至少6少葡萄糖残基时,不与碘反应,因为6个葡萄糖残基的链形成一圈螺旋,可以束缚1个碘分子。碘液与淀粉及不分解物的呈色反应顺次为蓝、紫,红褐、黄(碘液色)
Oligosaccharides: 3-10 glucose residues. Amylose does not react with iodine when it decomposes at least 6 glucose residues, because the chain of 6 glucose residues forms a helix, which can bind one iodine molecule. The color reaction of iodine solution with starch and non decomposed products was blue, purple, red, brown and yellow (iodine solution color)
双糖:如由两个葡萄糖分子脱1个水分子而成的麦芽糖,由1个铺头糖分子和1个果糖分子脱1个水分子而成的蔗糖
Disaccharide: for example, maltose is made from two glucose molecules and one water molecule, and sucrose is made from one sugar molecule and one fructose molecule and one water molecule
可发酵型糖:葡萄糖、果糖等单糖及上述双糖能被,一般酵母所利用。是更基本的可发酵糖类。
Fermentable sugars: monosaccharides such as glucose and fructose and disaccharides mentioned above can be used by yeast. It is the most basic fermentable sugar.
发酵好的粮食,再放到九享酿酒设备里,进行一步的蒸馏,蒸馏出来的就是成品好酒。
The fermented grain is finally put into Jiuxiang liquor making equipment for the final distillation, and the distilled product is good wine.

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